Even if you’ve used a microscope before, you could have difficulties recalling the right names for each component.
We’ve included each portion of a microscope and its function in this post so you can figure out what each piece is called and what role it will perform in the lab. While some advanced, high-powered microscopes may have extra functions and features, this list focuses on the most common microscope elements and components.
Before diving into microscope parts and functions, it’s important to remember that the aim of a microscope is to magnify a small object or fine features of a bigger object in order to examine minute specimens that aren’t visible to the naked eye.
List of Parts of a Microscope and Their Function
- Microscope Eyepiece or Ocular Lens
At the top of the microscope is the eyepiece, which is the lens assembly closest to your eye. You’ll view objects and specimens through this part of your microscope. The magnification level of a light microscope’s eyepiece or ocular lens is usually 10x or 15x, however, this varies depending on the microscope you purchase. Some microscope eyepieces allow you to modify the magnification level.
- Microscope Nosepiece
The revolving nosepiece of your microscope, also known as the microscope turret, keeps the different objective lenses right above the specimen you’re observing. This section of your microscope allows you to spin the lenses and select the magnification level that best suits your needs.
- Microscope Objective Lenses
Some microscopes feature a single objective lens, while others have three or four rotating objective lenses with varied magnification powers, allowing you to study your specimen at various magnification levels. The lowest power will be provided by the shortest objective lens, while the highest magnification level will be provided by the longest objective lens.
- Microscope Stage
You’ll be able to see what’s on stage, just like in a theatre! The flat platform beneath the objective lenses where you’ll lay your slide for viewing is referred to as the stage in a microscope.
- Microscope Tube
The tube of your microscope is also known as the body of the microscope. It’s the link between the eyepiece and the objective lenses.
- Microscope Base
The microscope base is the bottom portion of the microscope that offers support and stability for the microscope on your desk or tabletop.
- Stage Clip
Stage clips are used to secure your microscope slide to the stage for observation in most microscopes.
- Microscope Arm
The component of a microscope connects the microscope tube to the microscope’s base. It’s usually slightly bent.
- Fine Focus Knob
The fine focus knob allows you to fine-tune the objective’s height over shorter distances, making it easier to bring the specimen into focus at greater magnifications.
- Microscope Diaphragm
The section of your microscope diaphragm that helps control the amount of light that passes through the aperture in the stage is called the diaphragm. This allows you to adjust the amount of light that travels through your specimen, allowing you to get the best possible circumstances for observation and analysis.
- Coarse Focus Knob
The coarse focus knob, rather than the small focus knob, makes it easier to adjust the objective’s height over greater distances, zooming in and out quickly to find the best observation level. The low-power objective lens is commonly used when making coarse modifications with this knob.
- Power Switch
This is the switch on your microscope that turns the main power on or off, allowing you to see and analyze what you’re seeing.
- Microscope Condenser
The condenser on a microscope is the portion of the microscope that focuses light on the specimen you’re looking at. Condensers are highly crucial on high-end microscopes or anytime you’re looking at a specimen at a magnification level above 400x since they allow you to see a crisper image than you would with a microscope that doesn’t have one.
I hope this simple list of microscope parts and their functions have been useful.
So, if you’re looking for the best microscope manufacturer in Ambala then look no further, contact Micron Optik today and get the best microscope as per your need.
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